We can see tigers exist from temperate forests to the mangroves of Sundarbans. It is important for us to save tigers so that our future generations can enjoy the elegance and beauty of this massive cat.
The tigers choose to live in habitats that are considered to be important ecosystems. Most of these ecosystems lie within the boundaries of the Asian continent. These habitats are rich in flora and fauna and are a warehouse of necessary goods or services that are important for the residents. So, when you protect a tiger’s habitat, you are mitigating climate change, providing fresh water to everyone, and improving the health of the local people. This little fact was reported by the WWF and all because of protecting these cats and their habitats.
The places where tigers roam freely in the wild have decreased by 95% and it has left the tiger populations isolated and fragmented. Urbanization and expansion of agricultural land might reduce these areas even further.
Tigers need to be protected and so does their home range. Governments and businesses should lend a hand to restore these ranges. We should not lose the benefits from these habitats by acting slowly. We need to save the tigers before it’s too late!!
WWF is working hard to converse these habitats and monitor the big cats. It works in tandem with the local governments to save tigers. 13 different countries are in active co-operation with the WWF in doing so.
Tigers In Brief
Tigers are the largest of all the Asian cats found. They rely on sounds and sights to hunt rather than smell. They hunt alone and stalk their dinner. This big cat can gobble up 80 pounds of raw meat at once.
The Male tigers can weigh around 660 pounds and are quite heavier than the females. These cats are solitary beings and take care of a large territory. The territory is ascertained by the availability of prey and marked with feces and urine.
The conflict between tigers and people has been ongoing for some time. The shrinkage of forests and scarcity of prey have led the tigers to leave their areas and look for food. They hunt for domestic livestock by going into human-populated areas. These tigers are captured or killed and sold in black markets for a hefty price.
Estimations have suggested that 8,000 tigers are held captive in 200 Tiger “farms”. ¾th of these tigers are located in China, only. WWF is trying its best to phase out these farms and reduce the number of captive tigers. Around 5,000 tigers live in the US and we need to make sure that these cats are not exploited or illegally traded to the black markets.
Save Tigers And Its Benefits
Here are some of the benefits that can be observed as soon as we indulge in protecting the tigers:
1: Protecting The Forests:
The governments are looking forward to increasing the home range for these tigers by protecting the forests, especially in Asia. The huge trees in the forests absorb the carbon dioxide emitted from the constant urbanization and industrial developments. Carbon dioxide is a greenhouse gas that can trap heat under the Earth’s atmosphere and lead to global warming. The gas keeps getting trapped and the mercury rises, which can be associated with the melting of glaciers and the polar ice caps. The water level can also rise, which can consume several islands under the Oceans.
Once you save tigers, you will protect the remaining forests from endangerment and help to absorb the carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. This will help us fight against climate change, as it is one of the hottest topics right now. The forests that were extended to protect the Amur tigers in Russia absorb 130,000 tons of greenhouse gases every year. That amount is equal to 25,000 cars emitting gases on the roads.
The forests are a source of fresh air, important plants, and jobs for the residents. Save tigers and protect the forests they live in so that we can regulate the global climate and help various wildlife to survive.
2: Increase Of Fresh Water
Millions of people depend on fresh water as a source of their irrigation or drinking water. These freshwater areas are exactly where we can save tigers. The habitats in which tigers stay cover 9 watersheds that supply water to 830 million Asians. The areas included are Malaysia, India, Thailand, and Indonesia.
Water is beneficial for agriculture, generation of energy, domestic and industrial use. Practically speaking, the forests to save tigers generate clean water and decrease the flow of sediments to the streams, reservoirs, and rivers. The flow of water is also regulated by these forests. Cloud forests increase the flow of water while humid forests do the opposite.
These regulations help the people during droughts or heavy downpours and are quite beneficial for the people living downstream. Save tigers and in turn save the freshwater sources!!
3: Wildlife Can Be Protected
The forests that will be extended to save tigers are not exclusive to the tigers. They shelter various other animals. 30% of the Asian elephants live in these habitats- India, Indonesia, Bhutan, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand, and Malaysia. This means that when you protect the tigers you are also protecting the Asiatic elephants.
The Sumatran rhinos and orangutans also live within these ranges are considered to be critically endangered.
The habitats aid in the survival of various plants and animals so, save tigers and save the other animals, as well.
4: Protect The Culture And Traditions
Protect the habitats and preserve the cultures and languages of the regions. Our biodiversity is reducing along with the “biocultural diversity”. Experts believe that 90% of the languages will disappear before the century ends. The people who stay close to these ranges have traditions and rituals and rely on their forests for their survival. The reliance on natural resources is a huge factor for these people. Save tigers and in turn, assist in the survival of the indigenous people and their traditions.