The UN has followed the landmark Paris line addresses climate change and its negative impact. The push is majorly towards commitment from all major emitting countries to bring down their climate pollution and the global extinction rate and remain true to their commitment over time. The dismaying extinction rate of species has dwelled on the need to eliminate plastic pollution, reduce by around two-thirds the use of pesticides, and halve the amount of introducing invasive species. The target also includes totally eliminating the $500B subsidiaries to harmful environmental projects.
The United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity has set out these goals to bring down the extinction rate by the end of the decade. This has been done to protect nearly a third of the planet’s landmass and oceans. There are also plans to provide 33% of climate disaster mitigation through nature by 2030.
The outlines of the latest agreements that have gone through tough financial and scientific negotiations in the past two months will be scrutinized leading up to the final summit in Kunming, China. The final draft will be put up for negotiation there.
Bringing Down The Extinction Rate Remains A Priority For CBD
Other than the draft targets of 2030, fresh goals for 2050 include bringing down the extinction rate by 90%, cultivating the resilience of every ecosystem, taking note of the contribution of humanity to nature, and planning for the financial means to realize the prospect.
The co-chairman of the working group of the CBD, Basile van Havre said that there was the possibility of a major shift in world agriculture grounded on the most recent scientific methods. That includes a robust decrease in the use of pesticides, curtailing nutrient runoff. But the CBD is also aware that there will be an exponential increase in demand for food.
The place is facing a severe mass extinction rate, this has been driven by overuse of our resources and an uncontrolled increase in population. The extinction rate will hurt the effective functioning of the total ecosystem that produces water and food.
Read: Mass Extinction: Explaining The Past Events And Anticipating The 6th One
The 21 targets up for negotiation include the adoption of regenerative agriculture and the restoration of peatlands. The efforts to restore marine and marine habitats, maintaining the genetic diversity of both domesticated and wild species, and inclusion of indigenous communities in the biodiversity process will bring down the extinction rate. The active participation of individual government is necessary. Action at every level can bring down the extinction rate.
The loss of biodiversity can be stabilized by 2030. The next 20 years should be devoted to the recovery of natural ecosystems.